Teaching and Culture What's at Stake in Current Transmission
The author begins by addressing the various notions of culture over the centuries to arrive today at a cultural crisis, which is associated to a crisis in knowledge and values. He offers several interpretations of this crisis in knowledge, contending that the question of transmitting a common culture, of sharing a common public milieu and living together becomes an important consideration in a context characterized by a pluralism of worldviews reinforced by the emergence of new cultures. In light of the uncertainty in teaching generated by this context of knowledge destabilization, the author brings to light the impact on cultural transmission in the educational network and the role of the enlightened educator. In this spirit, he proposes an approach based on hermeneutics, where the dialectic of objective culture and subjectivity play a leading role. Emphasizing that the role of school and teachers is to build bridges between knowledge and life, the author recommends implementing a cultural pedagogy that revolves around relevance, integration, dialogue and memory.
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